Periodontal disease involves disease manifestations of the soft tissue surrounding your teeth. Periodontal disease is usually preceded by gingivitis, which is the inflammation of the gums as a result of continual bacterial infection. Untreated periodontal disease could lead to the loss of surrounding bone and can result in loose teeth.
Treatment and prevention of periodontal disease generally include scaling and planing (mechanical removal of bacterial accumulation around the teeth) and the use of mouthwashes to minimize the bacterial count. Deep cleaning using ultrasonic instruments is often used for patients with an abundant amount of plaque and calculus. Flossing and brushing regularly helps to alleviate and prevent symptoms of periodontal disease.